Twin cities are cities located in different countries, between which there are permanent friendly ties for mutual acquaintance with life, history and culture, in order to achieve better mutual understanding, strengthen cooperation and friendship between peoples of different countries, as well as exchange experience in solving similar problems facing city authorities and organizations. Twin cities cooperation consists in the exchange of delegations, business and educational opportunities, artistic projects and sports competitions, various projects to study and understand historical, cultural, life similarities and differences, exchange information about urban life and urban management.
  • Kielce, Poland
  • Panevėžys, Lithuania
  • Peterborough, United Kingdom
  • Birmingham, USA
  • Bursa, Turkey
  • Bat Yam, Israel

Kielce is a city in central Poland with more than 200 thousand inhabitants. It is also the capital city of the Świętokrzyskie Province (Holy Cross Voivodeship) since 1999, previously in Kielce Voivodeship (1919–1939, 1945–1998). The city is located in the middle of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains (Holy Cross Mountains), at the banks of Silnica River. Once an important centre of limestone mining, Kielce is now a centre of trade and commerce.

Kielce, the city located in the heart of the Świętokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mountains is the main centre of business and tourism for the Świętokrzyskie Province. The town is also a centre of the building industry with a long tradition, a cultural centre, and a spot where there are many geological peculiarities. Within the boundaries of Kielce there are as many as 5 nature reserves. Favourable geographic location, road network and the vicinity of the country’s biggest conurbations make it a good place to invest your capital as well as to take a rest. Cycle tracks, many ski lifts, horse riding centres, picturesque hiking routes provide unforgettable experiences to the tourists. The city is also an important centre for fairs and exhibitions. Kielce Trade Fairs, which organize nearly 30 specialized events, often connected with conferences and displays, which creates perfect opportunities to initiate business contacts. Kielce is friendly to business people. Many of them have decided to invest their money just here. Brokerage houses, adviser’s offices, a few dozen banks and financial institutions assure efficient consulting and financial services.

Panevėžys, the capital of Aukštaitija Ethnographic Region, has been the fifth largest city in Lithuania for more than a century. It occupies 50 square kilometers with more than 107 000 thousand inhabitants, the majority of whom (96 per cent) are Lithuanians. The rest are Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Byelorussian, Jewish people.

Panevėžys is situated in the middle of Lithuania; it is halfway between two Baltic capitals – Vilnius and Riga. The city lies in a good geographical position, which plays a major role in communication with other Lithuanian cities and the city of Kaliningrad (Russia). The Via Baltica highway runs through the city and connects it to many Scandinavian and West European countries.

Panevėžys is a member of the Union of the Baltic Cities. It has 11 partner towns abroad: Lünen (Germany), Goes (the Netherlands), Kalmar (Sweden), Lublin (Poland), Kolding (Denmark), Mytishi and Kaliningrad (Russia), Gabrovo (Bulgaria), Rakvere (Estonia), Daugavpils (Latvia), Vinnytsia (Ukraine). Friendly contacts have been established with Chengdu (China), Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukraine), Szarvas (Hungary), Ramla (Israel), Ozurgeti (Georgia), Lecce (Italy) and Ferizaj (Kosovo).

Panevėžys lies on the banks of the river Nevėžis, the sixth longest river in Lithuania. The river gave its name to the city itself. Senvagė (the Old River Bed) is considered the symbol of Panevėžys and is a famous place for leisure time and festivals.

It boasts of Laisvės Square where modern ideas intertwine with old ones, Respublikos Street famous for its art galleries.

Panevėžys has a reputation for being a clean, cosy and green city. At the same time, it is an important industrial spot. Over 30 000 people work in the companies of Panevėžys. The production made in these companies makes 70% of the value of all city gross domestic product. Currently the city hosts major Lithuanian companies: Joint Stock Company LinasAgro, Construction Company STATYBOS TRESTAS, Road Construction Company PANEVĖŽIO KELIAI, Company AMILINA, Energy Company PANEVĖŽIO ENERGIJA.Every year direct foreign investments into the companies of Panevėžys increase. Norwegian Industrial park, the only in Lithuania is functioning in Panevėžys. The Municipality of Panevėžys provides favourable conditions for starting businessmen and for huge investors.

Some people think of Panevėžys as the city of Juozas Miltinis Drama Theatre, some – as the city of the world famous International Ceramic Symposia; others as the capital of cycling and Ultra Triathlon where world champions Diana Žiliūtė, Edita Pučinskaitė, Simona Krupeckaitė and Vidmantas Urbonas were brought up.

Panevėžys artists, such as actor Donatas Banionis and photographer Algimantas Aleksandravičius make their city known in the world. The city is also famous as the home of the Chamber Orchestra, the Folk Dance Group Grandinelė and young pianists.

Peterborough is a cathedral city and unitary authority area in the East of England, with a population of about 180 thousand. For ceremonial purposes it is in the county of Cambridgeshire. The city is situated on the River Nene, which flows into the North Sea.

Present-day Peterborough is merely the latest in a series of settlements which have at one time or other benefited from the site where the Nene leaves permanently drained land for the Fens. Remains of Bronze Age settlement and what is thought to be religious activity can be seen at the Flag Fen archaeological site to the east of the city centre. The Romans established the fortified garrison town of Durobrivae on Ermine Street to the west of the current city around AD 43. This was first mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary of the late second century.

The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, whose statues look down from the three high gables of the West Front, was originally founded as a monastery in AD 655 and re-built in its present form between 1118 and 1238. It has been the seat of the Bishop of Peterborough since the Diocese was created in 1541. Peterborough Cathedral is known for its imposing early English Gothic West Front which, with its three enormous arches, is without architectural precedent and with no direct successor. The Cathedral has the distinction of having had two queens buried beneath its paving, Katherine of Aragon and Mary, Queen of Scots. The remains of Queen Mary were later removed to Westminster Abbey by her son James I when he became King of England.

The City of Birmingham, Alabama, is a municipal corporation under the laws of the State of Alabama. Birmingham is the largest city in the state with a population currently estimated at 242 thousand and a metro population of more that one million.

Nestled at the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains at the cross-section of two major railroads, the city was once the primary industrial center of the southern United States. At the height of the nation's manufacturing age, the city grew so fast in population, it was called the "Magic City". Today, Birmingham has transformed itself into a medical research, banking and service-based economy, making it one of the nation's most livable cities with a vibrant downtown, a burgeoning loft community, a world-class culinary scene and more green space per capita than any other city in the nation.

Birmingham also boasts 99 historic neighborhoods and is often referred to as the cradle of the American Civil Rights Movement.

Largest employers: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Baptist Medical Centers, BellSouth Jefferson County Public Schools.

Birmingham, the county seat, is one of 33 separately incorporated municipalities in Jefferson County. The City has a mayor/council form of government with a general fund annual budget of approximately $300 million.

Bursa (historically also known as Prussa, and later as Brusa) is a city in northwestern Turkey and the seat of Bursa Province. With a population of 1,5 million, it is Turkey's fourth largest city, as well as one of the most industrialized and culturally charged metropolitan centers in the country.

The city is frequently cited as "Yeşil Bursa" (meaning "Green Bursa") in a reference to the beautiful parks and gardens located across its urban tissue, as well as to the vast forests in rich variety that extend in its surrounding region. The city is synonymous with the mountain Uludağ which towers behind the city core and which is also a famous ski resort. The mausoleums of early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period constitute the city's main landmarks. The surrounding fertile plain, its thermal baths, several interesting museums, notably a rich museum of archaeology, and a rather orderly urban growth are further principal elements that complete Bursa's overall picture.

Bursa is the toe of Turkey's automobile industry. FIAT and Renault have for decades had important production units in Bursa. The textile and food industries are equally strong, and Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, and other beverages brands, as well as fresh and canned food industries are present in the city's organized industrial zones.

Traditionally, Bursa was famous for its fertile soil and agricultural activities, both of which are decreasing due to the heavy industrialization of the city.

Bursa is also a major tourist center: One of the best ski resorts of Turkey is located at Uludağ just next to city proper. Its thermal baths have been used for therapeutical purposes since Roman times. Apart from baths operated by hotels, Uludağ University has a physical therapy center which also makes use of thermal water.

Bat Yam is a popular tourist resort, located on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, part of the Greater Tel Aviv.

Bat Yam was founded in 1926 as a suburban quarter Bayit Va-Gan, which in Hebrew means “House and Garden.” During the riots in 1929 Bat Yam was attacked by Palestinian fighters from Jaffa and was evacuated by the British authorities. In 1930, the town was settled, and in 1936, granted the status of the Local Council, an administrative unit similar to the city.

In the first years after the establishment of the State of Israel Bat Yam experienced a period of rapid growth, caused by mass immigration, and in 1958 was granted city status. Its further development was at the beginning of 1980 – the end of the 1990s and was caused by the second mass immigration of Jews from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia. Currently in Bat Yam there is quite a large Arab community and home to the vast majority of Vietnamese Israelis or Vietnamese of Israeli origin.

Bat Yam is located in 20 minutes of drive from the center of Tel Aviv. Along the famous promenade, which the British once called the Riviera, modern hotels overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. Close to the waterfront, there is a city park, and the very coast of Bat Yam covers more than 3 km and is divided into several beaches. The Stone beach is regarded one of the best, and its main feature is the breakwater.

Annually Bat Yam holds all sorts of Biennale of urban architecture, and each summer hosts the International festival of street theater. The Exhibition Gallery “Riviera,” built on the ruins of the club, is located directly on the beach. Works of artists from around the world are placed here.